To create the perfect combination of a skincare routines that are suited to your skin, it’s important to know what types of products are available. When you’re in need of a new product, the best place to start is with an oil-based cleanser or gel-based cleanser. Next comes toner and moisturizer for hydration. The serum should be used last when it’s time for bedtime because it has the most potent ingredients which will target specific concerns. With these basic steps, you can have clear beautiful skin!
What is Combination Skin?
“Combination skin” refers to a type of skin with different issues on the forehead and T-zone, which tends to be oily, and issues around the cheeks and chin, which tends to be dry.
What Causes Combination Skin?
Genetics – Some people are just prone to having combination skin regardless of their lifestyle or diet. On a cellular level, there appears to be more activity going on in the T-zone compared to other parts of your face. Hormones – During puberty, hormone levels change drastically as you hit adolescence. While both males and females have high testosterone levels at this time in life as well as during “that time” of the month for women, males have higher levels of androgens. Higher androgen levels in the body mean more oil production, which can lead to oily skin. Oftentimes, this effect will lessen as you get older.
Smoking – Smoking is a risk factor for combination skin that can be caused by both genetics and hormones. Tobacco smoking has been shown to increase the activity of 5-alpha-reductase, an enzyme responsible for converting testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Like high testosterone levels, DHT has also been connected with increased sebum production. Dehydration – Lack of water leads to a lack of moisture in your skin which leads to flaking and eventually scaling or peeling if left untreated long enough.
Sunscreen – Not only is sun exposure bad for your skin, but it also breaks it down and causes the skin to age prematurely. And as you now know, aging means dryness and wrinkles. Oftentimes people who live in sunny climates tend to have very dehydrated skin as well as suffer from fine lines.
What are Signs of Combination Skin?
Even if there isn’t anyone sign that makes you think “I may have combination skin,” there’s a good chance if your T-zone is oily and dry around your cheeks and chin. Since oil and moisture work together to maintain healthy-looking skin, issues with either can cause flakiness or scale around the cheeks and jawline. Commonly mistaken for dryness or acne, both of which will leave behind dry flakes or red bumpy spots that easily turn into blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples.
What Products are Good for Combination Skin?
Moisturizers – The trick with moisturizing combination skin is to find a lightweight formula. Oftentimes if your T-zone is oily, thick formulas tend to sit on top of the skin and exacerbate the issue by further clogging pores. Look for lighter gel-like textures made specifically for combination skin which help balance out oil production while hydrating dry patches in need of moisture at the same time without weighing down greasy areas. Sunscreen – If you’re going to be heading outdoors then sunscreen will be key in preventing UV damage that leads to premature aging around both parts of the face. Try protectants that are specifically labeled as primers that contain antioxidants to help prevent aging, like this product.
Eye Creams – The skin around the eyes is much thinner than the rest of your face and lacks oil glands, making it more sensitive to environmental stresses. Most eye creams will work for combination skin types, you’ll just want one with a thicker consistency if your T-zone is oily or one designed for dryer areas around the forehead and cheeks if they tend to be drier. Makeup Removers – If you feel like your moisturizer isn’t cutting it when it comes time to take off makeup at night then try opting for an oil-based cleanser instead of a water-based formulation that’s less effective at dissolving oil.
STEP 1: GENTLY CLEAN YOUR FACE
Some people think that washing their face with soap is the answer to all their skincare problems, but this couldn’t be further from the truth. For those who suffer from dry patches, using a bar of soap can exacerbate their issues due to the stripping effect it has on your skin. So for combo-skin types, try either an oil-based or water-based cleanser that won’t strip away all the natural oils you work hard to maintain during your daytime skincare routine.
STEP 2: GENTLY EXFOLIATE YOUR FACE
Exfoliating helps remove dead skin cells which can lead to clogged pores and breakouts around the T-zone. Think of it as a gentle scrubbing to slough away dead skin, revealing the brighter and smoother skin underneath. Be sure to exfoliate at least once or twice per week depending on your skin type for best results.
STEP 3: APPLY AN ESSENCE, BOOSTER, AND/OR SERUM
Combination skin has unique needs when it comes to targeting concerns with skincare products. Since dry areas need hydration, look for serums that are specifically labeled as hydrating or moisturizing instead of simply toning. If oily areas are an issue then try applying an essence before toner which is oil-free and lightweight. Toners can be useful in helping balance out moisture levels in the different areas of the face, but they aren’t meant to be your primary source of moisture.
STEP 4: APPLY AN EYE CREAM
Since the skin around your eyes is much thinner than other parts of your face, it needs that extra little bit of help in order to prevent premature aging. Since there are no oil glands next to this area, eye creams without an oily or greasy consistency will work best for combo-skin types who want to reduce the look of fine lines and wrinkles. Look for anti-aging ingredients like retinol and peptides which stimulate collagen production and maximize results from applying a serum step before moisturizer.
STEP 5: APPLY A MOISTURIZER
For those with oily areas, don’t be afraid to layer your moisturizer. Those who have combination skin can use a thicker cream around the cheeks and forehead where dry patches are an issue while using a light gel-like texture on the T-zone that won’t cause further oil production or clogging.
STEP 6: DON’T FORGET THE SPF
Since many sunscreen products are designed for oily skin types, it’s easy to forget about applying them if you have dry patches as well. But even combo-skin types need protection from the sun’s harmful UV rays, so try either a water-based or gel type of sunscreen which will work best for both dry and oily zones.
Slyvia Monk is a self-professed Blog junkie with a passion for experimenting with the latest beauty products and trends. She helps create engaging content for Ourcareproducts.com’s audience.